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Baidu Baike's website on 29 July 2008
|Type of site||Internet encyclopedia project|
|Created by||Robin Li|
Baidu Baike (Chinese: 百度百科; pinyin: Bǎidù Bǎikē; translation: Baidu Encyclopedia) is a Chinese language collaborative Web-based encyclopedia provided by the Chinese search engine Baidu. As of July 2009, Baidu Baike has more than 1.7 million articles.
The test version was released on April 20, 2006, and within three weeks, the encyclopedia had grown to more than 90,000 articles, surpassing that of Chinese Wikipedia. By 2008, Hudong.com had surpassed both in article count.
Baidu's William Chang said at WWW2008, the conference of the World Wide Web Consortium, "There is, in fact, no reason for China to use Wikipedia ... It's very natural for China to make its own products."
The site is an open Internet encyclopedia espousing equality, collaboration, and sharing. The encyclopedia, with two other services provided by Baidu ("zhidao" and "post") would form a trinity to complement the search engine.
The articles are written and edited by registered users and reviewed by behind-the-scenes administrators before release. There is no formal way to contact the administrators. Registered users' contributions are rewarded in a credit point system. Although the earlier test version was named "Baidu WIKI", official media releases and pages on the encyclopedia itself state that the system is not a wiki. However, its operation is akin to a wiki and they occasionally use the word "wiki" internally.
Style and interface
The visual style of the encyclopedia is simple. In articles, only boldface and hyperlinks are supported. Comments are listed at the bottom of each page. Amongst its wiki-like functions, the site supports editing, commenting, and printing of articles, as well as an article history function.
Users can access multiple extended editing functions, including:
- An image uploading system where files less than 2 MB can be added to articles in the Encyclopedia.
- A keyword tagging system called "open category" (similar to folksonomy). One article can be tagged with at most 5 categories.
- A separate edit box for references and external links.
Principles of the encyclopedia
Articles or comments containing the following types of content are removed:
- pornographic or violent text or images
- "Malicious evaluation" of the current national system
- Undermine public regulation
- Attacks on government institutions and officials
- Instigating racial, ethical, religion or regional issues
- Propagating "heretical organizations of feudalistic and superstitious beliefs" (presumably referring to the Falun Gong and Tibetan Buddhism)
- Providing hyperlinks to any of the abovementioned contents
The number of articles exceeded 10,000 in two days of its launch, and reached 40,000 in six.
- ↑ Graham Webster (2008-04-22). "Baidu's William Chang: 'No reason for China to use Wikipedia'". CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13908_3-9926474-59.html. Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- ↑ "百度百科". Baidu Baike. http://baike.baidu.com/lemma-php/dispose/view.php/1.htm. Retrieved 2006-05-11.
- ↑ Entering a keyword as of 2009-07-18, such as 猫 (cat), and clicking the button "search" will gave a page with a URL like http://baike.baidu.com/w?ct=17&lm=0&tn=baiduWikiSearch&pn=0&rn=10&word=%C3%A8&submit=search, which has the word "baiduWikiSearch" in it.
- ↑ "百科原则". Baike Baidu. http://www.baidu.com/search/baike_help.html#n7. Retrieved 2006-12-24.
- ↑ "百度搜索帮助中心-百度百科帮助". Baike Baidu. http://www.baidu.com/search/baike_help.html. Retrieved 2006-05-11.
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