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|File:Citizendium logo400grbeta small fairuse.png|
The Citizendium homepage with default format. Screenshot taken on 5th October 2009
|Slogan||We are creating the world's most trusted encyclopedia and knowledge base.|
|Type of site||Internet encyclopedia project|
|Registration||Optional (required to edit pages)|
|Created by||Larry Sanger|
|Launched||October 23, 2006 (pilot)|
March 25, 2007 (public)
|Alexa rank||About 60,000|
Citizendium ("the citizens' compendium of everything"; pronounced /ˌsɪt
ɪˈzɛndiəm/, SI-tə-ZEN-dee-əm) is an English-language wiki-based free encyclopedia project led by Larry Sanger, who co-founded the encyclopedia Wikipedia in 2001.
The project aims to improve on the Wikipedia model by providing a "reliable" encyclopedia. It hopes to achieve this by requiring all contributors to use their real names, by strictly moderating the project for unprofessional behavior, by providing what it calls "gentle expert oversight" of everyday contributors, and also through its "approved articles," which have undergone a form of peer-review by credentialed topic experts and are closed to real-time editing.
Citizendium was first announced in September 2006 as a complete "fork" of the English Wikipedia, but that idea was abandoned prior to its March 2007 public launch in favor of emphasizing its own original articles.
As of December 13, 2009, the project had 12,815 articles in various stages of development of which 121 (≈1%) had achieved editorial approval.
Sanger said in an October 17, 2006, press release that the Citizendium "will soon attempt to unseat Wikipedia as the go-to destination for general information online". In August 2007 he captioned its pages "The world needs a more credible free encyclopedia." The project began its pilot phase in October and November 2006.
On January 18, 2007, a change of plans was announced. Sanger announced on the CZ mailing list that only articles marked "CZ Live", those which have been or will soon be worked on by Citizendium contributors, would remain on the site, and all other articles forked from Wikipedia would be deleted. Not all Citizendium contributors were supportive of this change, but Sanger emphasized that this deletion was "an experiment" and a new set of Wikipedia articles could be uploaded if the experiment were deemed unsuccessful.
Planning for succession of Editor-in-Chief
In May 2009, Sanger reduced his direct activity at Citizendium, and in a message of 30 July 2009, he reminded those on the Citizendium-l mailing list of his previously declared intention not to serve as Editor-in-Chief for more than two or three years after the start of the project. He remains Editor-in-Chief, but no longer actively 'edits' pages. Sanger has reiterated his call for the Citizendium community to prepare an orderly process for choosing a new Editor-in-Chief. Sanger said that he was spending more time on his WatchKnow project, partly because he needs to earn an income, given that the "Citizendium project doesn't earn me a dime," and partly because the Citizendium community had demonstrated that it could function effectively without his daily, close involvement, and because "there are squeakier wheels in my life just now." He adds that stepping aside may "precipitate something of a constitutional crisis, considering that we [(Citizendium)] never adopted a proper charter." Citizendium is now working on a potential charter.
Nature of the project
Fork of Wikipedia
According to statements and essays on Citizendium.org, the project was initially intended to begin as a fork of Wikipedia, carrying a copy of each article—under the rules of the GNU Free Documentation License—as it existed on Wikipedia at the time of the Citizendium's launch. However, after initiating the idea of not forking, and then soliciting comments on the matter from Citizendium mailing list and web forum members, Sanger said that a complete fork at launch was not a "foregone conclusion." On January 18, 2007, Sanger announced that the pilot would, as an experiment, only carry articles that had been, or would soon be, worked on by Citizendium contributors, instead of a complete set of Wikipedia articles. He stated that the experiment "represents a reconception of our project's basic aim."
No announcement has yet been made on the Citizendium in languages other than English, but Sanger has stated in his essays that they may be forthcoming after the English language version is established and working successfully. In a review of Andrew Keen's book The Cult of the Amateur, Sanger comments ironically on Keen's favorable treatment of Citizendium: "The first example of a 'solution' he offers is the Citizendium, or the Citizens' Compendium, which I like to describe briefly as Wikipedia with editors and real names. But how can Citizendium be a solution to the problems he raises, if it has experts working without pay, and the result is free? If it succeeds, won't it contribute to the decline of reference publishing?"
The stated aim of the project is to create a "new compendium of knowledge" based on the contributions of "intellectuals," defined as "educated, thinking people who read about science or ideas regularly." The Citizendium hopes to foster an expert culture and a community that encourages participants (to be called "authors") to "respect" the expert contributions (by what he referred to as a "gentle process of guidance").
An appeals process for disagreements between editors and authors, and between different editors, will be in place, according to a provisional "Citizendium Policy Outline" published by Sanger. Experts will be required to verify their qualifications openly, for transparency and publicly accepted authority. This contrasts with the open and largely anonymous nature of Wikipedia, where subject specialists have neither any verifiable special knowledge of their subject nor agreed special status. Sanger has stated that editors will not have pre-approval rights over edits by ordinary authors, though editors will have somewhat undefined authority over articles that fall within their specific area of expertise.
Contrast to Wikipedia
Many of Citizendium's proposed policies are attempts to correct perceived flaws in the original design and the public image of Wikipedia that have led to problems with Wikipedia's acceptance as a valid and trustworthy resource. Some academics maintain that Wikipedia is a valuable starting point for inquiry, but (as its co-founder Jimmy Wales concurs) should not be used as a sole or principal source of information. Some schools and universities accept no references to Wikipedia in formal papers, some educational institutions have limited its use to only a pointer to external sources, while others have blocked any usage of Wikipedia altogether.
Regarding Wikipedia, Sanger wrote that "this arguably dysfunctional community is extremely off-putting to...academics" and as such appears "committed to amateurism." In his December 2007 essay on the Citizendium content license, Sanger said "we are not in business to put Wikipedia out of business, but we do hope to outdo them in value — that is, in quality, quantity (in the fullness of time), and in the maturity and responsibility of our community." "On balance, I remain a fan of the project I engineered. I merely think we can do better — and so we should try."
Policies and structure
The Citizendium does not allow anonymous editing. Participants must register under their real names with a working e-mail address (not from a free email provider).
Sanger decided that Citizendium administrators, or sysops, would be called "constables," and need a bachelor's degree to qualify. He has also instigated a minimum "maturity" requirement—25 years of age—for constables. The "head" constable is the Chief Constable (Ruth Ifcher), and the head editor is the Managing Editor.
For the moment, Sanger operates as Editor-in-Chief, the "main individual in charge," part of and answerable to a Board of Directors. Sanger states that final decisions about management structure will not be made "until more of the (future) primary stakeholders are on the scene." In a Citizendium blog entry of November 10, 2006, constable Sarah Tuttle announced the formation of an "executive committee" consisting of herself, Sanger and eleven others, which works on issues of "long term governance" of the project.
Citizendium articles are subject to an "approval" process after they have achieved reasonable quality. An "editor" can determine when an article is ready to be approved. If the article is approved it is then locked, and further editing takes place on a separate "draft" version which may eventually replace the current approved version. There is a dispute-resolution process for disagreements about which version should be selected as approved.
In an October 26, 2006, post to the Citizendium web forum, then Managing Editor David Marshall indicated that the approved version of an article, if it exists, will be the default version displayed to a visitor to the site. If a contributor wishes to modify or add to the article, login will be necessary to work on the "dynamic wiki page" open to editing:
All reader searches will auto-forward to the most recently approved version of the page (assuming that a version has been approved). Once at an approved page, the reader will be given the option to register/log in as an author and move to the dynamic wiki page in current use for development purposes."
Citizendium original articles are available under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (cc-by-sa). "Articles that originated in part from Wikipedia are also available under [the] GNU Free Documentation License [version] 1.2". The decision for a commercial-allowable license for its original articles comes on the heels of extended community debate, with about half of Citizendium contributors preferring a non-commercial license. The decision was announced on December 21, 2007, about a year after the launch of the pilot project, with Larry Sanger's essay on the reasoning behind the decision.
The project was announced by Sanger on September 15, 2006, at the Wizards of OS 4 conference in Berlin. He gave no deadline for the full launch of the wiki. However, on October 2, 2006, Sanger released a pilot project announcement that envisioned a fully functioning wiki within "one to two months."
In an apparent attempt to quicken the pace of the project, on October 2, 2006, Citizendium web forum moderator Peter Hitchmough suggested what he called an "alpha test" of the concept. Hitchmough proposed the forking of a limited number of Wikipedia articles to a site where Citizendium web forum and mailing list members could "rewrite a complete section" of Wikipedia content.
Larry Sanger reacted enthusiastically to the idea and at first suggested his already existing Textop wiki as the site for the alpha test. Sanger later posted that Textop would not be a good choice, but showed continued interest in the proposal. He envisioned a "restricted-access" wiki where the idea could be tried and requested further discussion.
No access to the pilot version of the Citizendium, even read-only, was allowed to the general public. Sanger stated: "Only invited people will be able to view and edit the pilot project wiki." Sanger also said that constables for the pilot project will be chosen by the chief constable.
In a press release on October 17, 2006, Sanger announced: "the fledgling Citizendium Foundation will launch a six-week pilot project open to potential contributors by invitation". Several editors and other project leaders were named. It was also announced that the Citizendium Foundation had "started the process of applying for 501(c)(3) status [non-profit status]" and had "received a firm commitment for a significant seed grant from a foundation, as well as small personal donations." In a follow-up post to the press release, Sanger said that the initial group allowed access to the pilot would consist of "ten editors, three constables, six authors, and me."
The pilot project began operations on October 23, 2006. On November 8, Larry Sanger reported that 263 user names had access to the pilot wiki, 183 articles on the wiki were "live" (meaning "someone is or intends to be working on them") and there were about 300 total edits to the wiki on November 7.
In a January 17, 2007, post to the Citizendium forum, Sanger stated that "we have had only 10–20 (very) active people out of 500 accounts created." As a result, Sanger decided to delete all articles besides those marked "CZ live" from the pilot project in an attempt to motivate greater participation. On January 22, 2007, the Citizendium experimented with a new self-registration procedure: read/write access was granted automatically after creation of the account. There were a few instances of vandalism after this change, though the vandalism was quickly reverted. On January 19, Sanger announced the formal organization of the Citizendium as a legal non-profit organization.
On February 16, 2007, in response to rising site vandalism, automatic account creation was put on hold while increased protections were being put in place to counter vandalism. The next day, page moves were limited to constables as an additional measure against vandalism. In addition, Sanger continued the process of un-forking the Citizendium from Wikipedia by inviting contributors to delete any Wikipedia content that had changed only superficially since it was imported.
On March 25, 2007, the Citizendium ended its pilot phase and went live, into its beta phase, and the site became publicly readable. The launch coincided with a feature-length Associated Press article that ran widely, with a title in USA Today of "Citizendium aims to be better Wikipedia."
The day prior to launch, Sanger released an essay, "Why the Citizendium Will (Probably) Succeed" in which he stated that activity at the Citizendium grew from 100 edits a day in the first month to over 500 prior to launch. After the launch, on March 27, 2007, a press release quotes Sanger as saying "You don't have to choose between content and accountability. We have shown that we can create open and credible content. We can, in fact, be open to all sorts of participants, but still hold people to higher standards of content and behavior as a community."
Sometime after the launch, it was noted that the Citizendium's family friendly policy would mean the project would likely tend to avoid articles on slang terms for sexual activity, and particularly explicit articles on sexual practices. The Citizendium has a "professionalism" policy for editors, which Sanger said is different from most online communities.
On June 29, 2007, Sanger announced an initiative via the project-wide mailing list that he dubbed "Citizendium 2.0". Characterizing his comments as a "project planning document", Sanger detailed a series of initiatives designed to launch the Citizendium into its next phase of development. The document outlined plans for a judicial board, an advisory board, a personnel manager, a new chairman of the editorial council, wider participation in the project by volunteers, a system of subpages for articles, and an expanded article checklist.
At the project's one-year anniversary in September 2007, Citizendium included 3000 articles written and revised by 2000 people. A number of media reports appeared in late October and early November 2007 about the anniversary of Citizendium. A story in the Financial Times quoted Larry Sanger predicting strong growth for the project: "At some point, possibly very soon, the Citizendium will grow explosively - say, quadruple the number of its active contributors, or even grow by an order of magnitude. And it will experience that growth over the course of a month or two, and its growth will continue to accelerate from that higher rate."
Citizendium was honored on December 5, 2007, as an award finalist of the Society for New Communications Research. The Society describes itself as a nonprofit global think-tank "dedicated to the advanced study of new communications tools, technologies and emerging modes of communication, and their effect on traditional media, professional communications, business, culture and society". The Society chose Citizendium for an award because it considers it "a leading organization" in these respects.
Librarian Walt Crawford stated in April 2009 that Citizendium appeared to be in an "extended lull", with a constant rate of creation of new articles at around 13-14 per day and a decline in the number of active authors.
In August 2009, Richard Waters wrote in the Financial Times technology blog: "At best, Citizendium could be called a qualified success. Launched in March 2007, it currently lists 11,810 articles - 2,999,674 fewer than the English-language version of Wikipedia."
- ↑ "citizendium.org - Traffic Details from Alexa". Alexa. http://www.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/citizendium.org. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- ↑ Bergstein, Brian (March 25, 2007). "Sanger says he co-started Wikipedia". MSNBC (Associated Press). http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17798723/. Retrieved 2007-03-25. "The nascent Web encyclopedia Citizendium springs from Larry Sanger, a philosophy Ph.D. who counts himself as a co-founder of Wikipedia, the site he now hopes to usurp. The claim doesn't seem particularly controversial - Sanger has long been cited as a co-founder. Yet the other founder, Jimmy Wales, isn't happy about it."
- ↑ Moody, Glyn (July 13, 2006). "This time, it'll be a Wikipedia written by experts". The Guardian. http://technology.guardian.co.uk/weekly/story/0,,1818630,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-25. "Larry Sanger seems to have a thing about free online encyclopedias. Although his main claim to fame is as the co-founder, along with Jimmy Wales, of Wikipedia, that is just one of several projects to produce large-scale, systematic stores of human knowledge he has been involved in. [Jimmy Wales] saw that I was essentially looking for employment online and he was looking for someone to lead Nupedia... Career: 1992-1996, 1997-1998 Graduate teaching associate, OSU; 2000-2002 Editor-in-chief, Nupedia; Co-founder and "chief organiser," Wikipedia."
- ↑ "The Citizendium's Statement of Fundamental Policies". Citizendium. September 6, 2007. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Fundamentals. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ McCarthy, Caroline (January 23, 2007). "Citizendium: Wikipedia co-founder Sanger's Wikipedia rival". CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/8301-17939_109-9680301-2.html. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- ↑ Anderson, Nate (February 25, 2007). "Citizendium: building a better Wikipedia". Ars Technica. http://arstechnica.com/articles/culture/citizendium.ars. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- ↑ Andrew Orlowski."Wikipedia founder forks Wikipedia, More experts, less fiddling?", The Register, September 18, 2006. In software engineering, a project fork occurs when developers take a copy of source code from one software package and start independent development on it, creating a distinct piece of software.
- ↑ "Welcome to Citizendium". http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Welcome_to_Citizendium. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Larry Sanger. "Co-Founder to Launch Edited Version of Wikipedia: Pilot Project for the Citizendium to Launch This Week", Citizendium.org, October 17, 2006.
- ↑ "CZ:Monthly Write-a-Thon". Citizendium. August 1, 2007. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Monthly_Write-a-Thon. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Larry Sanger. "OK, let's delete the Wikipedia articles (an experiment)", Citizendium-l mail list, January 18, 2007.
- ↑ https://lists.purdue.edu/pipermail/citizendium-l/2009-July/001418.html
- ↑ See Sanger's Citizendium edit log
- ↑ WatchKnow.org web site
- ↑ http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Charter_drafting_committee
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Why we should fork all at once", Citizendium-l mail list, September 29, 2006.
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Forking argument summary", Citizendium forum, September 29, 2006.
- ↑ Larry Sanger (2007-07-17). "Review of Keen's "Cult of the Amateur"". Citizendium Blog. http://blog.citizendium.org/2007/07/17/review-of-keens-cult-of-the-amateur-2/. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 Larry Sanger. "Toward a New Compendium of Knowledge (longer version)", Citizendium.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Larry Sanger. "Citizendium Policy Outline", Citizendium. On the Citizendium blog, Sanger wrote this caveat about the provisional outline: "This is a work in progress. Therefore, I hope the Wikipedia article about the Citizendium will not say tomorrow that CZ will have features X, Y, and Z. These are in most cases negotiable policy ideas, a place for the invitees to the policy project to work from." Sanger also stated that future versions of the policy outline would be posted on the restricted-access pilot wiki: "The most current version will be available on the pilot project wiki. To see that, you'll have to be a member of the pilot project."
- ↑ Youngwood, Susan (April 1, 2007). "Wikipedia: What do they know; when do they know it, and when can we trust it?". Vermont Sunday Magazine (Rutland Herald). http://vermonttoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070401/FEATURES/70330002. Retrieved 2007-04-05. "Perhaps the most important thing to understand about Wikipedia - both its genius and its Achilles heel - is that anyone can create or modify an entry. Anyone means your 10-year-old neighbor or a Nobel Prize winner - or an editor like me, who is itching to correct a grammar error in that Wikipedia entry that I just quoted. Entries can be edited by numerous people and be in constant flux. What you read now might change in five minutes. Five seconds, even.<small/>"</span> — Susan Youngwood.</li>
- ↑ "Wikipedia Founder Discourages Academic Use of His Creation". The Chronicle of Higher Education. June 12, 2006. http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/1328/wikipedia-founder-discourages-academic-use-of-his-creation. Retrieved 2007-08-10. </li>
- ↑ Maggie Morris (2007-02-22). "Expert: Wikipedia won't go away, so learn how to use it". Physorg.com. http://www.physorg.com/news91380859.html. Retrieved 2007-08-09. "[Purdue University assistant professor Sorin] Matei recommends Wikipedia be used only as a search engine that acts as a springboard to other resources and that it never be cited as the principal source of information." </li>
- ↑ Chen, Lysa (March 28, 2007). "Several colleges push to ban Wikipedia as resource". The Chronicle Online. http://dukechronicle.com/node/142611. Retrieved 2010-01-26. </li>
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 Sanger, Larry (2007-12-22). "An explanation of the Citizendium license". http://www.citizendium.org/czlicense.html. Retrieved 2007-12-22. </li>
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 Larry Sanger. "Constables, editors, and the Citizendium Foundation", Citizendium-l mail list, September 23, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "How should we manage growth?", Citizendium forum, October 2, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Sarah Tuttle. "Your executive committee", Citizendium blog, November 10, 2006.</li>
- ↑ David Marshall. "My ideas on presenting consistently high quality content", Citizendium forum, October 26, 2006.</li>
- ↑ "Project Directory: Citizendium Foundation". The Tides Center. http://www2.tidescenter.org/directory/project_detail_new.cfm?id=60306. Retrieved 2007-06-05. </li>
- ↑ Sanger, Larry (2007-12-21). "The Citizendium encyclopedia project picks a Creative Commons license". http://blog.citizendium.org/2007/12/21/our-gift-to-the-world-cc-by-sa/. Retrieved 2007-12-25. </li>
- ↑ "Citizendium:Main Page". Citizendium. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Main_Page. Retrieved 2009-09-14. </li>
- ↑ "CZ:Should we permit or disallow commercial use of CZ-originated articles?". Citizendium. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Should_we_permit_or_disallow_commercial_use_of_CZ-originated_articles%3F. Retrieved 2007-10-07. </li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger (2007-11-19). "A fascinating license question". http://forum.citizendium.org/index.php/topic,1377.0.html. Retrieved 2007-11-21. </li>
- ↑ "CZ:License_Essays". http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:License_Essays. Retrieved 2007-11-04. </li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Citizendium launch plan as of September 26", Citizendium-l mail list, September 27, 2006.</li>
- ↑ WOS video stream containing Sanger's announcement</li>
- ↑ Peter Hitchmough. "Proposal: Fork Wikipedia and launch with some A1-class model subjects", Citizendium forum, October 2, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Administrivia: interesting pilot project proposal", Citizendium-l mail list, October 2, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Call for applications to participate in the Citizendium Pilot Project", Citizendium.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Pilot Project Application Review Procedure", Citizendium-l mail list, November 13, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Ad hoc steering group kicked off", Citizendium-l mail list, October 18, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Jason Potkanski. "Developers Wanted: forge.citizendium.org Open", Citizendium-l mail list, October 23, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Stats", Citizendium blog, November 8, 2006.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Would you contribute more if the wiki were blank?", Citizendium forum, January 17, 2007.</li>
- ↑ 46.0 46.1 Larry Sanger. "Self-registration begins!", Citizendium-l mail list, January 22, 2007. The first act of vandalism was carried out via an account named 'Chris Nguyen', to vandalise three pages including the main one and that of Larry Sanger, apparently before the announcement was made. The account was indefinitely blocked a little over half an hour after the first improper edit.</li>
- ↑ Citizendium pilot wiki. "Main page revision history", January 23, 2007.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. Upcoming announcements; your help requested, Citizendium-l mail list, January 19, 2007</li>
- ↑ Vandal Assault at the Citizendium Blog</li>
- ↑ "Page moves now require constable help; and semi-automated hand-approval of new accounts?", Citizendium-l mail list, February 17, 2007</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "We have launched", Citizendium blog, March 25, 2007</li>
- ↑ Bergstein, Brian (2007-03-25). "Citizendium aims to be better Wikipedia". Associated Press. http://www.webcitation.org/5Nc9GOr3r. "This week, Sanger takes the wraps off a Wikipedia alternative, Citizendium. His goal is to capture Wikipedia's bustle but this time, avoid the vandalism and inconsistency that are its pitfalls." — Brian Bergstein.</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. "Why the Citizendium Will (Probably) Succeed", Citizendium, March 2007.
"Our activity has grown from 100 edits per day in the first month to over 500 prior to launch. Every day, a large variety of people from many fields sign on and do some work. This is all in a period in which the project has been visible only to those who have applied to the project. In addition, while it has received a fair bit of press, we have done very little in the way of recruitment--but with good results when we have. More aggressive recruitment is our trump card, which we haven't played."</li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger. Citizendium Opens its Free Online Encyclopedia Project to the Public Citizendium, March 27, 2007.
"The modest success of our pilot project shows that there is hope that we can correct exactly the sort of abuses that people demonize Web 2.0 for," said the project's Editor-in-Chief, Wikipedia co-founder Dr. Larry Sanger. "You don't have to choose between content and accountability. We have shown that we can create open and credible content. We can, in fact, be open to all sorts of participants, but still hold people to higher standards of content and behavior as a community."</li>
- ↑ Sanger, Larry. "CZ:Family-Friendly Policy". Citizendium. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Family-Friendly_Policy. Retrieved 2007-06-07. "Probably, we will not have graphic depictions of the sex act or photographs of human sex organs; we will have few articles about pornography; we will not catalog every sex position and every fetish; we will not have gratuitous, and truly shocking and disgusting, pictures of gore (e.g., crime scene photos); and so forth." </li>
- ↑ Sanger, Larry. "CZ:Professionalism". Citizendium. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/CZ:Professionalism. Retrieved 2007-07-15. "The Citizendium differs significantly from other online communities in its commitment to professionalism--that is, professional behavior--and low tolerance for incivility and disruption. For there to be efficient content output and motivated contributors it is crucial that we all treat each other "professionally," and each other's work respectfully." </li>
- ↑ Larry Sanger (2007-06-29). "Toward CZ 2.0". Citizendium-l. https://lists.purdue.edu/pipermail/citizendium-l/2007-June/000994.html. Retrieved 2007-06-29. </li>
- ↑ Template:Fr Comment le web change le monde : l'alchimie des multitudes, Francis Pisani et Dominique Piotet, éd. Pearson, 2008 (ISBN 978-2-7440-6261-2), p. 120</li>
- ↑ Waters, Richard (2007-11-05). "Citizendium vs Wikipedia". Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/ae382288-8b41-11dc-95f7-0000779fd2ac.html?nclick_check=1. Retrieved 2007-11-15. </li>
- ↑ Report: http://www.newsobserver.com/1566/story/803518.html. The Society for New Communications Research website: http://www.sncr.org. Also see Citizendium Blog entry.</li>
- ↑ Crawford, Walt, Cites & Insights Volume 9, Number 5 (April 2009), ISSN 1534-0937.</li>
- ↑ http://blogs.ft.com/techblog/2009/08/citizendium-founder-ready-to-jump-ship/ Citizendium founder ready to jump ship</li></ol>
- Guess, Andy (2008-04-28). "Making Wikis Work for Scholars". Inside Higher Ed. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/04/28/wiki. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
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