Criticism of Yahoo!
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Yahoo! has received criticism for a variety of issues.
Yahoo! paid inclusion controversy
In March 2004, Yahoo! launched a paid inclusion program whereby commercial websites are guaranteed listings on the Yahoo! search engine after payment. This scheme is lucrative, but has proved unpopular both with website marketers (who are reluctant to pay), and the public (who are unhappy about the paid-for listings being indistinguishable from other search results). As of October 2006, Paid Inclusion doesn't guarantee any commercial listing, it only helps the paid inclusion customers, by crawling their site more often and by providing some statistics on the searches that led to the page and some additional smart links (provided by customers as feeds) below the actual url.
Adware and spyware
Yahoo! has also been criticized for funding spyware and adware — advertising from Yahoo!’s clients often appears on-screen in pop-ups generated from adware that a user may have installed on their computer without realizing it by accepting online offers to download software to fix computer clocks or improve computer security, add browser enhancements, etc. The frequency of advertising pop-ups for spyware, generated from a partnership with advertising distributor Walnut Ventures, who had a direct partnership with Direct Revenue, could be increased or decreased based on Yahoo!’s immediate revenue needs, according to some former employees in Yahoo!’s sales department.
Work in the People's Republic of China
|“||While technologically and financially you [Yahoo] are giants, morally you are pygmies||”|
Yahoo!, along with Google China, Microsoft, Cisco, AOL, Skype, Nortel and others, has cooperated with the Chinese Communist Government in implementing a system of internet censorship in mainland China.
Unlike Google or Microsoft, which keep confidential records of its users outside mainland China, Yahoo! stated that the company will not protect the privacy and confidentiality of its mainland Chinese customers from the authorities.
Critics say that the companies put profits before principles. Human Rights Watch and Reporters Without Borders state that it is "ironic that companies whose existence depends on freedom of information and expression have taken on the role of censor."
Outing of Chinese dissidents
In September 2005, Reporters Without Borders reported the following story. In April 2005, Shi Tao, a journalist working for a Chinese newspaper, was sentenced to 10 years in prison by the Changsha Intermediate People's Court of Hunan Province, China (First trial case no. 29), for "providing state secrets to foreign entities". The "secrets" were a brief list of censorship orders he sent from a Yahoo! Mail account to the Asia Democracy Forum before the anniversary of the Tiananmen Square Incident.
The verdict as published by the Chinese government stated the following. Shi Tao had sent the email through an anonymous Yahoo! account. Yahoo! Holdings (the Hong Kong subsidiary of Yahoo) told the Chinese government that the IP address used to send the email was registered by the Hunan newspaper that Shi Tao worked for. Police went straight to his offices and picked him up.
In February 2006, Yahoo! General Counsel submitted a statement to the U.S. Congress in which Yahoo! denied knowing the true nature of the case against Shi Tao. In April 2006, Yahoo! Holdings (Hong Kong) was investigated by Hong Kong's Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data.
On 2 June 2006, the union representing journalists in the UK and Ireland (NUJ) called on its 40,000 members to boycott all Yahoo! Inc. products and services to protest the Internet company's reported actions in China.
—Michael Callaham, General Counsel, Yahoo!, testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Committee (2007)
Yahoo! contends it must respect the laws of governments in jurisdictions where it is operating.
Criticism of Yahoo! intensified in February 2006 when Reporters Without Borders released Chinese court documents stating that Yahoo! aided Chinese authorities in the case of dissident Li Zhi. In December 2003 Li Zhi was sentenced to 8 years imprisonment for "inciting subversion".
In 2000 and 2001, Wang, who was an engineer by profession, posted electronic journals in a Yahoo! group calling for democratic reform and an end to single-party rule. He was arrested in September 2002 after Yahoo! assisted Chinese authorities by providing information. In September 2003, Wang was convicted of charges of "incitement to subvert state power" and sentenced to ten years in prison.
On April 18, 2007, Xiaoning's wife Yu Ling sued Yahoo! under human rights laws in federal court in San Francisco, California, United States. Wang Xiaoning is named as a plaintiff in the Yahoo! suit, which was filed with help from the World Organization for Human Rights USA. "Yahoo! is guilty of 'an act of corporate irresponsibility,' said Morton Sklar, executive director of the group. "Yahoo! had reason to know that if they provided China with identification information that those individuals would be arrested."
Yahoo!’s decision to assist China's authoritarian government came as part of a policy of reconciling its services with the Chinese government's policies. This came after China blocked Yahoo! services for a time. As reported in The Washington Post and many media sources:
- The suit says that in 2001, Wang was using a Yahoo! e-mail account to post anonymous writings to an Internet mailing list. The suit alleges that Yahoo!, under pressure from the Chinese government, blocked that account. Wang set up a new account via Yahoo! and began sending material again; the suit alleges that Yahoo! gave the government information that allowed it to identify and arrest Wang in September 2002. The suit says prosecutors in the Chinese courts cited Yahoo!’s cooperation.
Human rights organizations groups are basing their case on a 217-year-old U.S. law to punish corporations for human rights violations abroad, an effort the Bush administration has opposed:
- In recent years, activists working with overseas plaintiffs have sued roughly two dozen businesses under the Alien Tort Claims Act, which the activists say grants jurisdiction to American courts over acts abroad that violate international norms. Written by the Founding Fathers in 1789 for a different purpose, the law was rarely invoked until the 1980s.
On August 28, 2007, the World Organization for Human Rights sued Yahoo! for allegedly passing information (email and IP address) with the Chinese government that caused the arrests of writers and dissidents. The suit was filed in San Francisco for journalists, Shi Tao, and Wang Xiaoning. Yahoo! stated that it supported privacy and free expression for it worked with other technology companies to solve human rights concerns.
On November 6, 2007, the US congressional panel criticised Yahoo! for not giving full details to the House Foreign Affairs Committee the previous year, stating it had been "at best inexcusably negligent" and at worst "deceptive".
User-Created Chatrooms, message boards, and Profiles
As a result of media scrutiny relating to Internet child predators and a lack of significant ad revenues, Yahoo!’s "user created" chatrooms were closed down in June 2005. Yahoo! News' message board section was closed December 19, 2006, due to the trolling phenomenon. In addition, in mid-October, 2008, Yahoo! deleted all information in millions of user profiles with no advance notice and little explanation.
On May 25, 2006, Yahoo!’s image search was criticized for bringing up sexually explicit images even when SafeSearch was on. This was discovered by a teacher who was intending to use the service with a class to search for "www". Yahoo!'s response to this was, "Yahoo! is aware of this issue and is working to resolve it as quickly as possible".
Shark's fin controversy
Yahoo! is a 40% owner of Alibaba, which facilitates the sale of shark-derived products. After investing in Alibaba, Yahoo! executives were asked about this issue, and responded: "We know the sale of shark products is both legal in Asia and a centuries-old tradition. This issue is largely a cultural-practices one."
Closing down Geocities
Geocities was a popular web hosting service founded in 1994. At one point it was the 3rd most-browsed site on the World Wide Web. Yahoo purchased Geocities in 1999. Ten years later Yahoo closed Geocities, deleting millions of web pages in the process. In September 2009, a month before it was closed by Yahoo, Geocities received 10,477,049 unique visitors.
- ↑ "Yahoo! Introduces Paid-Inclusion Program". adweek.com. http://www.adweek.com/aw/iq_interactive/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000451392. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- ↑ "Paid Inclusion Losing Charm?". wired.com. http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/news/2004/07/64092. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- ↑ "Yahoo's Pop-Up Connection". businessweek.com. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_29/b3993005.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- ↑ "Yahoo's Adware Counterattack". businessweek.com. http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/nov2005/tc20051116_941267.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Milbank, Dana (2007-11-08). "Yahoo in the dock". The Washington Post. The Standard. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=20&art_id=56465&sid=16183142&con_type=3&d_str=20071108&sear_year=2007. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- ↑ Gunther, Marc. Tech execs get grilled over mainland China business: Yahoo, Google, Microsoft and Cisco, facing attack in Congress, say they're doing more good than harm in China." CNN. February 16, 2006.
- ↑ "Dissident jailed 'after Yahoo handed evidence to police'". London: The Times. February 10, 2006. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,25689-2033331,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-19.
- ↑ "China: Internet Companies Aid Censorship". http://www.hrw.org/english/docs/2006/08/09/china13940.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- ↑ "Jailed Chinese Journalist Wins WAN Golden Pen of Freedom". wmd.org. http://www.wmd.org/democracynews/dec06.html. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- ↑ "Yahoo's Statement before the U.S. Congress". nytimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/business/YahooStatement.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "British, Irish Journalists Urge Yahoo Boycott Over Chinese Cases". foxnews.com. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,198403,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Letter Casts Doubt On Yahoo China Testimony". yro.slashdot.org. http://yro.slashdot.org/yro/07/07/30/228254.shtml. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Police Document Sheds Additional Light on Shi Tao Case". duihua.org. http://www.duihua.org/2007/07/police-document-sheds-additional-light.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Beijing_State_Security_Bureau_Notice_of_Evidence_Collection". duihua.org. http://www.duihua.org/press/news/070725_ShiTao.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Rights Group Says Yahoo May Have Lied to Congress". Voice of America. http://www.voanews.com/english/2007-07-31-voa18.cfm. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Chinese couple sue Yahoo in US over torture case". The Independent. 2007-04-20. http://news.independent.co.uk/world/americas/article2465946.ece.
- ↑ Egelko, Bob (2007-04-19). "Suit by wife of Chinese activist". SF Gate. http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2007/04/19/BUGU9PB4SG1.DTL&type=printable.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Advocates Sue Yahoo In Chinese Torture Case". The Washington Post. 2007-04-20. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/18/AR2007041802510.html?hpid=moreheadlines.
- ↑ "Yahoo plea over China rights case". bbc.co.uk. 2007-08-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6966116.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "US rebukes Yahoo over China case". bbc.co.uk. 2007-11-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7081458.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Yahoo closes chat rooms over child sex concerns". news.com. http://news.com.com/Yahoo+closes+chat+rooms+over+child+sex+concerns/2100-1025_3-5759705.html. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- ↑ "To Yahoo! News readers:". news.yahoo.com. http://news.yahoo.com/page/messageboards. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ http://www.theinternetpatrol.com/is-your-yahoo-profile-deleted-missing-or-blank-yahoo-did-it-on-purpose
- ↑ "Yahoo! image search exposes school to porn". theregister.co.uk. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/05/25/yahoo_school_project/. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Sharks Circle China's Alibaba.com". businessweek.com. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/jul2007/gb20070720_756191.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "Moving a Mountain - Eco-Groups Pressure Yahoo! To Divest from Global Shark Finning". thescubastop.com. http://www.thescubastop.com/news/readnews.php?t=1670. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- ↑ "archiveteam". http://archiveteam.org/index.php?title=Geocities.
- ↑ "GeoCities Closing". http://help.yahoo.com/l/us/yahoo/geocities/close/.
- ↑ "GeoCities' time has expired, Yahoo closing the site today". http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/technology/2009/10/geocities-closing.html\.
- ↑ http://siteanalytics.compete.com/geocities.com/ Site Analytics