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Government 2.0 is neologism for attempts to apply the social networking and integration advantages of Web 2.0 to the practice of government. William (Bill) Eggers claims to have coined the term in his 2005 book, Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy. Government 2.0 is an attempt to provide more effective processes for government service delivery to individuals and businesses. Integration of tools such as wikis, development of government-specific social networking sites and the use of blogs, RSS feeds and Google Maps are all helping governments provide information to people in a manner that is more immediately useful to the people concerned.
A number of efforts have been made to expose data gathered by government sources in ways that make it available for mashups.
Public information in Canada is the subject of the Access to Information Act. VisibleGovernment.ca is a Canadian non-profit that promotes online tools for government transparency. There have been several ChangeCamps in Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver, with organizers coming together in Edmonton, Halifax, Montreal, drawing many politicians. Toronto Open Data was launched at the Toronto Innovation Showcase forum on November 2, 2009.
In the United States
The election of Barack Obama as President of the United States has become associated with the effective use of Web 2.0 technologies during his campaign, and in the implementation of his new government in 2009.
On January 21, 2009, newly elected President Obama signed one of his first memorandums - the Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies on Transparency and Open Government In the memo, President Obama called for an unprecedented level of openness in Government, asking agencies to "ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration." The memo further "directs the Chief Technology Officer, in coordination with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Administrator of General Services (GSA), to coordinate the development by appropriate executive departments and agencies, within 120 days, of recommendations for the Open Government Directive, to be issued by the Director of OMB, that instructs executive departments to take specific actions implementing the principles set forth in the memorandum." Common interpretation of this memorandum is that Obama, whose presidential campaign was heavily influenced by web 2.0 technology, is calling for the utilization of web 2.0 technology across all federal departments and agencies.