IBM BASICA

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IBM BASICA
File:IBM BASICA.png
Appeared in 1981
Developer Microsoft (for IBM)
Influenced by IBM Cassette BASIC, IBM Disk BASIC
Influenced GW-BASIC

IBM BASICA (short for "Advanced BASIC") is a simple disk-based BASIC interpreter written by Microsoft for PC-DOS. BASICA allows use of the ROM-resident BASIC included with early models of IBM's PC while DOS is loaded (the ROM BASIC itself runs when nothing is loaded when booting) and adds functionality such as file access, storage of programs on disk and music capabilities. It does not run on non-IBM PCs and even on later IBM models, since those lack the requisite ROM BASIC.

History

BASICA's development environment is very similar to that of the Dartmouth Time Sharing System associated with Dartmouth BASIC. In both, a user enters instructions at a prompt. If an instruction begins with a line number (used to sequence the instructions and as a label), it is stored as part of the current program. If not, it is executed immediately.

BASICA's successor was Microsoft GW-BASIC, which was very similar but did not use any ROM-based BASIC routines and thus can run on virtually any IBM-compatible system.

References

External links

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