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In Myanmar (Burma), some blogs started in 2005. But the earlier blogs were written in English. There was no unicode (Unicode (UTF-8)) font at that time so they couldn't post in the mother language. After the Zawgyi font was released (created by Alpha Mandalay), Nyi Lynn Seck who is a son of the military officer and his real name is Zarni Aung. He obtain certificate from Yangon Nautical Institute ,he is tracking bloggers' movements who is also a blogger, put the Zawgyi font in his blog and he started the Myanmar blog (It is difficult to say who is the first Myanmar blogger but he is a well-known blogger). After that, Mandalay blogger Mg Hla also shared this knowledge with other bloggers. Then in late November 2006, the Myanmar blogs developed more and more. There are over ten thousand Myanmar blogs nowadays. In 2007, some Myanmar bloggers established the MBS (Myanmar Bloggers Society) and they celebrated with a seminar on 1st September 2007. Actually, it is very difficult to write blogs locally because the government banned blog service websites after the September 2007 Golden Evolution. However, under the military government's control, they are writing about the freedom of Myanmar (Burma) and they are still sharing their knowledge. MBS's slogan is "We blog, we unite".
Most of the Myanmar bloggers came from forums. Myanmar forum websites are a little different from others and Myanmar online culture was not mature at that time. They discussed not only knowledge but also literature. They wrote poems, essays and articles on the forums.
Type of Myanmar Blogs
There are many different type of Myanmar blogs. But the Myanmar blogsphere is like no other. They unite as well and they respect each other. Most of the Myanmar blogs are personal blogs or general blogs. After the September Golden Evolution, people shared local news and it became political blogs. But most of the political blogs are from outside of Myanmar. Myanmar blogs run their own style. Some art blogs look like a book. They only post art (such as poems, novels, fiction) on their blogs.
Personal blog(General blog)
This type of blogs are most popular in the Myanmar blogsphere. These blogs look like diaries and sometimes their experience is amazing. Even they write about their own life, but it is really interesting. They post about their trip experiences, local news, their own sight and thought. When we read their blogs, we can get new things that we didn't know in the past.
Some of the Myanmar bloggers write art-only blogs. They post novels, poems and stories on their blogs. There are many poems-only blogs in the Myanmar blogsphere. Those are post-modern poems. One of the famous Myanmar Art bloggers is Nine Nine Sanay and she translated some stories from the other web (especially Chinese short stories).
After the Cyclone Nargis, many relief groups updated their activities and local needs on their blogs. They described the real situation of victims from the delta. They invited the detonator from the outside. There are many other NGO blogs in Myanmar (such as raven blood donation, Public Health and anti plastic bags Campaign, etc.).
During the late September 2007 (Golden Evolution), people posted about the real crisis in Myanmar. Most of the foreign news networks referenced from those Myanmar blogs.One of the Burmese well-known political and entertainment blog is Freedom News Group.
The earlier Myanmar bloggers are IT Technicians. Myanmar bloggers can't make blogs without their sharing. IT bloggers share the latest technology and their knowledge. This kind of blogs are very useful for learners.
There are many entertainment blogs in Myanmar. They (bloggers) share international albums in their blogs. Like the other Asian countries, the Korea wave also overwhelming in Myanmar. If readers want to know the update news of celebrities, they can be read easily on entertainment blog with the mother language. (e.g.www.myanmarsongs.net, mp3.mmblogs.net, etc.)
Burma blogger jailed for 20 years Than Shwe: "Foolish with power", says Nay Phone Latt A Burmese blogger has been sentenced to 20 years in jail for posting a cartoon of the military leader Than Shwe. Nay Phone Latt, 28, was sentenced by a court in Rangoon's Insein prison, said his mother, Aye Than. Nay Phone Latt's colleague Thin July Kyaw was sentenced to two years imprisonment, Aye Than reported. Another dissident, Saw Wai, was sentenced to two years in jail for publishing a poem mocking Than Shwe in the weekly Love Journal. The first words of each line of the Burmese language poem spelled out the message "Senior General Than Shwe is foolish with power". Nay Phone Latt was arrested in January; the sentence delivered on Monday included 15 years for offences under the Electronics Act, two years for "creating public alarm" and three and a half years for offences under the Video Act, his mother said. One of his offences was apparently the possession of a banned video. His blogs during the September 2007 uprising provided invaluable information about events within the locked-down country. Aye Than said she was not allowed to attend the trial and Nay Phone Latt was not represented by his defence lawyer, Aung Thein, who began serving a four-month prison sentence for contempt of court last Friday. "My son is a computer expert and he has not violated any criminal law. It is very unfair that he was given 15 years' imprisonment under the Electronics Law for a crime he did not commit," said Aye Than. A spokesman for the opposition National League for Democracy party, Nyan Win, described Nay Phone Latt, a former party member, as "a young and intelligent blogger and computer expert." Spreading arrests "The government is expediting the trials of political prisoners and many have been given lengthy prison sentences," said Nyan Win. Nyan Win said party youth member Tun Tun Naing, who was arrested last year, was given 19 years in prison on Friday. Tun Tun Naing and Khin Maung Aye, of the privately-owned weekly News Watch, were arrested on 5 November and are being detained in Insein prison. The media rights organisations Reporters Without Borders and Burma Media Association have demanded their immediate release, adding this brings to 10 the number of journalists arrested so far this year. Irrawaddy magazine, an exile Burmese news organisation, said the current crackdown is also aimed at silencing legal attempts to ensure fair trials for dissidents now appearing before judges in closed court sessions. Two weeks ago, three defence lawyers, Nyi Nyi Htwe, Aung Thein and Khin Maung Shein were imprisoned for between four and six months for contempt of court after complaining of unfair treatment. Four other defence lawyers, Kyaw Hoe, Maung Maung Latt, Myint Thaung and Khin Htay Kyew have been barred from representing their clients, who include members of the 88 Generation Students group. The US State Department has criticised the imprisonment of the four defence lawyers and urged the Burmese regime to drop all charges and release them. President Bush announced that he will nominate one of his former senior Asia advisers as special representative for Burma. 'No legitimacy' The European Union said on Monday that multiparty elections scheduled for 2010 in Burma will be seen as illegitimate unless the ruling military junta frees all political prisoners - particularly Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. The 27 EU foreign ministers deplored the lack of progress in Burma since the violent repression of peaceful protests. Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, has been under house arrest for more than 12 of the past 19 years. The junta has announced general elections in 2010 as part of its "roadmap to democracy". The junta came to power in 1988 after crushing a nationwide pro-democracy uprising, killing as many as 3,000 people. It organised multiparty elections in 1990 but refused to honour the results after Suu Kyi's party won overwhelmingly.