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Scour Inc. was a multimedia search engine on the internet, and provided Scour Exchange, an early peer-to-peer file exchange service. Scour was founded by five students (Vince Busam, Michael Todd, Dan Rodriques, Jason Droege and Kevin Smilak) from the Computer Science Deptartment of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in 1997. It moved into the spotlight in 1999 when former Disney president Michael Ovitz bought about a quarter of its shares.
The company's nice early products were an SMB search engine and Scour Media Agent, a Windows application to download files from SMB shares. The search engine would probe IP addresses for publicly shared files and then index them for download by other users.
In 1999 Scour received an investment from Michael Ovitz and the Yucaipa Company, an investment arm of the billionaire Ronald Burkle. Together, the total investment represented a controlling share in the company. After the investment, Scour expanded in terms of product offerings and personnel. The company launched a software product named MyCaster which allowed users to stream audio over the network, optionally mixing microphone input with an MP3 audio file in real time.
Faced with the increasing popularity of Napster, Scour developed a competing peer-to-peer service named Scour Exchange. Unlike Napster, the Scour software supported video and images in addition to just audio files, and integrated all users into one network. The company also tied its web site promotional materials to the Scour Exchange software and attempted to leverage its web and SMB indexes in providing additional search results inside the Scour Exchange application.
In the summer of 2000 the Motion Picture Association of America, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and the National Music Publishers Association (NMPA) brought a lawsuit against Scour, alleging copyright infringement. Despite Scour's declarations of innocence, the company was not able to raise money to continue operations. They laid off most of its staff in September of that year and filed for bankruptcy protection, to protect itself from the lawsuit, shortly afterwards. The company's assets went up for auction and, following a bidding war, all assets were purchased by Centerspan Communications of Portland, Oregon in late December of that year.
Scour metasearch engine
Scour has since relaunched in early 2008 as a metasearch engine combining the three most used search engines–Google, Yahoo and Live Search–into a single aggregated search page with social concepts. Scour rewards users with a point for each unique search conducted through the Scour Toolbar or at the website, as well as for commenting or rating a result (to a maximum of three points per search). Points can also be acquired through use of its affiliate program, with a matching 25% commission given to the host of the referral. Once users have accumulated a certain amount of points they can be redeemed for a Visa gift card or PayPal money transfer at an implied exchange rate of approximately USD$0.004 (2/5¢) a point. The rate for those not in its target demographic, however, is significantly less–only USD$0.0001 per point.
- ↑ Orwall, Bruce (June 10, 1999). "Ovitz, Yucaipa Buy Majority Stake In Entertainment Search Engine". The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB928970934179363266.html. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ↑ Richtel, Matt (May 22, 2000). "Agent's Role In Music Site May Be Shift In Rights War". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9400E2D9113AF931A15756C0A9669C8B63. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ↑ Richtel, Matt (July 21, 2000). "Movie and Record Companies Sue a Film Trading Site". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9503E7DF173AF932A15754C0A9669C8B63. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ↑ Borland, John (September 7, 2000). "Well-scrubbed business plan not enough for Scour". CNET. http://news.cnet.com/Well-scrubbed-business-plan-not-enough-for-Scour/2100-1023_3-245445.html. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ↑ Huffstutter, P. J. (December 13, 2000). "Scour’s Assets Go to Rival for $9 Million". The Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/dec/13/business/fi-64827. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- ↑ http://scour.com/learnmore/
- ↑ http://www.scour.com/faq/#16