Visual Studio Unit Testing Framework

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The Visual Studio Unit Testing Framework describes Microsoft's suite of unit testing tools as integrated into Visual Studio 2005 and later. The unit testing framework is defined in Microsoft.VisualStudio.QualityTools.UnitTestFramework.dll. Unit tests created with the unit testing framework can be executed in Visual Studio or, using MSTest.exe, from a command line.

Contents

Elements

Test class

Test classes are declared as such by decorating a class with the TestClass attribute. The attribute is used to identify classes that contain test methods. Best practices state that test classes should contain only unit test code.

Test method

Test methods are declared as such by decorating a unit test method with the TestMethod attribute. The attribute is used to identify methods that contain unit test code. Best practices state that unit test methods should contain only unit test code.

Assertions

An assertion is a piece of code that is run to test a condition or behavior against an expected result. Assertions in Visual Studio unit testing are executed by calling methods in the Assert class.

Initialization and cleanup methods

Initialization and cleanup methods are used to prepare unit tests before running and cleaning up after unit tests have been executed. Initialization methods are declared as such by decorating an initialization method with the TestInitialize attribute, while cleanup methods are declared as such by decorating a cleanup method with the TestCleanup attribute.

Sample Test

Below is a very basic sample unit test:

[TestClass()]
public class TestClass
{
    [TestMethod()]
    public void MyTest()
    {
        Assert.IsTrue(true);
    }
}

See also

External links

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