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The term web-based simulation (WBS) emerged in 1996, and is typically used to denote the invocation of computer simulation services over the internet, specifically through a web browser.    Increasingly, the web is being looked upon as an environment for providing modeling and simulation applications, and as such, is an emerging area of investigation within the simulation community.
Web-based simulation is used in online computer games. It is also used in e-learning in view to quickly illustrate various principles to students by means of interactive animations, or in distance learning to provide an alternative to installing expensive simulation software on the student computer, or as an alternative to expensive laborative equipment.
Web-based simulation can either take place on the server-side or on the client-side. In server-side simulation, the numerical calculations and generation of graphical output is carried out on the web server, while the graphical user interface often is provided by the client-side, for example using server-side scripting such as PHP or CGI scripts, interactive services based on Ajax or a conventional application software remotely accessed through a VNC Java applet. In client-side simulation, the simulation program is downloaded from the server side but completely executed on the client side, for example using Java applets, Flash animations, Java script or some mathematical software viewer plug-in. Server-side simulation is not scalable for many simultaneous users, but places fewer demands on the user computer performance and web-browser plug-ins than client-side simulation.
The term on-line simulation sometimes refers to server-side web-based simulation, sometimes to symbiotic simulation, i.e. a simulation that interacts in real-time with a physical system.
- AnyLogic - a graphically programmed tool that generates Java code for discrete event simulation, system dynamics and agent-based models
- Easy Java Simulations - tool for modelling and visualization of physical phenomenons, that automatically generates Java code from mathematical expressions
- GNU Octave web interfaces - MATLAB compatible open-source software
- Google Chart API - for the generation of embedded charts in web pages
- Nanohub - web 2.0 in-browser interactive simulation of nanotechnology
- List of online spreadsheets
- OpenPlaG - PHP based function graph plotter for the use on websites
- OpenEpi - web-based packet of tools for biostatistics.
- SAGE - open source numerical analysis software with web-interface, based on the Python programming language.
- Simulation123 - a tool supporting web-based simulation documentation, a category of web-based simulation 
- VisSim viewer - graphically programmed data flow diagrams for simulation of dynamical systems
- webMathematica and Mathematica Player - a computer algebra system and programming language.
- A portfolio of public-access and free web-based simulations
- List of web-based simulation tools (Andrea Emilio Rizzoli)
- List of tools related to web based simulation on simulation123
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Byrne, James; Heavey, Cathal; Byrne, P.J. (March 2010). "A review of Web-based simulation and supporting tools". Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory (Elsevier) 18 (3): 253-276. doi:10.1016/j.simpat.2009.09.013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2009.09.013.
- ↑ Page, E.; Griffen, S. P. (1998). "Providing Conceptual Framework Support for Distributed Web-Based Simulation within the Higher Level Architecture.". Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science II, Orlando, Florida, USA..
- ↑ Page, E.; Opper, J. M. (2000). "Investigating the Application of Web-Based Simulation Principles within the Architecture for a Next-Generation Computer Generated Forces Model.". Future Generation Computer Systems 19: 159-169..
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Byrne, James; Heavey, Cathal; Byrne, P.J. (2006). "SIMCT: An Application of Web Based Simulation.". Proceedings of the 2006 Operational Research Society (UK) 3rd Simulation Workshop (SW06), 28-29th March, Royal Leamington Spa, UK.. http://www.orsoc.org.uk/orshop/(vhkfborwn2ka1k453pnsc4yr)/orcontent.aspx?inc=simulation2006_proceedings.htm.
- ↑ Guru, A.; Savory, P.; Williams, R. (2000). "A Web-based Interface for Storing and Executing Simulation Models.". Proceedings of the 2000 Winter Simulation Conference, Orlando, Florida..
- ↑ Harrell, C. R.; Hicks, D. A. (1998). "Simulation Software Component Architecture for Simulation-based Enterprise Applications.". Proceedings of the 1998 Winter Simulation Conference, Washington D.C., USA..
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