Comparison of firewalls

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The following tables compare different aspects of a number of firewalls, starting from simple home firewalls up to the most sophisticated Enterprise firewalls.

Contents

Firewall software

Firewall License OS 64-bit
Agnitum Outpost Firewall Pro Proprietary Windows Yes
Comodo Firewall Pro Freeware Windows Yes
Core Force Apache Windows Template:Unk
GhostWall Freeware Windows Yes
IPFilter BSD with special clause Solaris, NetBSD, FreeBSD, HP-UX, IRIX Yes
ipfirewall BSD FreeBSD Yes
Kaspersky Internet Security Proprietary Windows Yes
Lavasoft Personal Firewall Proprietary Windows Yes
Netfilter/iptables GPL Linux Yes
Norton 360 Proprietary Windows Yes
Online Armor Personal Firewall Freeware/Proprietary Windows No
Outpost Firewall Pro Proprietary Windows Yes
PC Tools Firewall Plus Freeware Windows Yes
PF BSD OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD Yes
Sunbelt Personal Firewall Proprietary Windows No
Sygate Personal Firewall Freeware Windows No
Trend Micro Internet Security Proprietary Windows Yes
Vista Firewall Control Freeware/Proprietary Windows Yes
Vyatta GPL Linux Yes
Windows Firewall Proprietary Windows Yes
WinGate Proprietary Windows Yes
ZoneAlarm Freeware/Proprietary Windows Yes

Firewall rule-set basic filtering features comparison

Can Target: Changing default policy to accept/ reject (by issuing only 1 rule at most) IP destination address(es) IP source address(es) TCP/UDP destination port(s) TCP/UDP source port(s) Ethernet MAC destination address Ethernet MAC source address Inbound firewall (Ingress) Outbound firewall (Egress)
Juniper Networks Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Check Point VPN-1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cisco Access List Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
IPFilter Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Linux iptables Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
NAI Gauntlet Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OpenBSD PF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sidewinder G2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Soft in Engines BMF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Trend Micro Internet Security Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Vyatta Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows 7 (and Windows 2008 R2) Firewall Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Vista Firewall Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Windows XP Firewall No No Yes Partial No No No Yes No
WinGate Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Zorp Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  • Windows XP Firewall can target only single destination TCP/UDP port per rule, not port ranges, therefore support is partial.

Firewall rule-set advanced features comparison

Can: work at OSI Layer 4 (stateful firewall) work at OSI Layer 7 (application inspection) Change TTL? (Transparent to traceroute) Configure REJECT-with answer DMZ (de-militarized zone) - allows for single/several hosts not to be firewalled. Filter according to time of day Redirect TCP/UDP ports (port forwarding) Redirect IP addresses (forwarding) Filter according to User Authorization Traffic rate-limit / QoS Tarpit Log
Juniper Networks Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Check Point VPN-1 Yes Yes Yes Yes(With Web Intelligence) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cisco Access List Yes (with CBAC) Partial (with CBAC) No No Yes Yes Yes Yes (with static routes) Yes (with dynamic ACLs) Yes (with queueing) No Yes
IPFilter Yes Partial (selected protocols only) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Linux iptables Yes Yes (with patch) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (with NuFW) Yes Yes (with Patch-o-matic module) Yes
OpenBSD pf Yes Partial (selected protocols only) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sidewinder Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Soft in Engines BMF Yes Partial (selected protocols only) No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes (with MS Active Directory) Yes No Yes
Vyatta Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows 7 (and Windows 2008 R2) Firewall Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes
Windows Vista Firewall Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes
Windows XP Firewall Yes No No No No No No No No No No Yes
WinGate Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes
  • NOTE: Because Linux Iptables is text-based firewall, you can "Filter according to time of day" by using additional 3rd party tools, like expect automation tool and cron jobs.

Firewall Management features comparison

Features: Configuration: GUI, text or both modes? Remote Access: Web (HTTP), Telnet, SSH, RDP, Serial COM RS232, ... Change rules without requiring restart? Ability to centrally manage all firewalls together
Juniper Networks Both proprietary GUI, SSH, Web (HTTP/HTTPS),Telnet, nsm Yes Yes
Check Point VPN-1 GUI proprietary GUI, SSH, Web (HTTP/HTTPS) No Yes
Cisco Access List both Telnet, SSH, Web(Java App "PDM" or the newer "ASDM"), RS232 No Partial
IPFilter both Telnet, SSH, Web (webmin), X/Win32 GUI "fwbuilder", RS232 Yes Yes
Linux iptables both Telnet, SSH, Web (webmin), X/Win32 GUI "fwbuilder", RS232 Yes Yes
OpenBSD pf both Telnet, SSH, Web (webmin), X/Win32 GUI "fwbuilder", RS232 Yes Yes
Vyatta both Telnet, SSH, Web GUI, RS232 Yes Yes
Windows 7 (and Windows 2008 R2) Firewall both RDP, telnet, Group Policy, MMC Yes Yes
Windows Vista Firewall both RDP, telnet, Group Policy, MMC Yes Yes
Windows XP Firewall both RDP, telnet, Group Policy No Yes(with AD and GPO)
WinGate GUI Proprietary user interface Yes Template:N/A
  • NOTE: Rule changes on Checkpoint firewalls do not require any restart and incur no outage time.
  • NOTE: Because Linux Iptables and Cisco ACL are text-based firewalls, you can centrally manage them all-at-once by using additional tools, like KDE Konsole or expect automation tool.
  • NOTE: Due to the distributed nature of the Checkpoint architecture, no single interface is used exclusively. Security, NAT and VPN configuration is always done using the proprietary GUI, however basic IP networking and routing configuration of individual firewalls could be done using SSH or the Web interface.

Firewall's other features comparison

Features: Modularity: supports third-party modules to extend functionality? IPS : Intrusion prevention system Open-Source License? supports IPv6 ? Class: Home / Professional on what Operating Systems it runs?
Check Point VPN-1 Yes ? No Yes Professional Solaris, Linux (SPLAT or RHEL), Nokia IPSO, Crossbeam,Windows NT, 2000, 2003
Cisco Access List No ? No Yes Professional Cisco IOS
IPFilter Yes Yes, with Snort Inline, Ossec Yes Yes Both Solaris, IRIX, HP-UX, NetBSD and FreeBSD. Available but deprecated on Linux.
Juniper Networks No ? No Yes Professional JuniOS
Linux iptables Yes Yes, with Snort Inline, Ossec Yes Yes Both Linux 2.4+
OpenBSD pf Yes Yes, with Snort Inline, Ossec Yes Yes Both OpenBSD, FreeBSD 6.0+, NetBSD 3.0+
Outpost Firewall Pro No Yes No Yes Professional Windows
Vyatta Yes No Yes Yes Professional Vyatta OS (built on Debian)
Windows 7 (and Windows 2008 R2) Firewall Yes No No Yes Both Windows 7
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Vista Firewall Yes No No Yes Both Windows Vista
Windows Server 2008
Windows XP Firewall No No No No Home Windows XP
Windows Server 2003
WinGate Yes ? No No Professional Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 2008. 32bit and 64bit.
  • NOTE: Checkpoint support a limited range of third-party modules from certified partners. Modules are integrated with Checkpoint firewalls through a platform named OPSEC
  • NOTE: WinGate 6.x supports 3rd party modules for data scanning only (e.g. antivirus and content filtering).

Non-Firewall extra features comparison

Those features are not strictly firewall features, but are sometimes bundled with firewall software, or exist on the platform.

NOTE: Features will be marked as "yes", even if it's separate module that comes with the platform, on which firewall sits.

IDS: real-time firewall that logs/sniffs/blocks suspicious connections, that are not part of rule-set.

VPN (Virtual Private Network) Types are: PPTP, L2TP, MPLS, IPsec, SSL/SSH.

Profile selection: The user is enable to switch fast between firewall settings for at work, home or in public places.

Can: NAT (static, dynamic w/o ports, PAT) IDS (Intrusion Detection System) VPN (Virtual Private Network) AV (Anti-Virus) Sniffer Profile selection
Juniper Networks Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes Yes Yes Yes (supports wireshark, tcpdump, IOS version) ?
Check Point Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes Yes Yes Yes (with wireshark, tcpdump or FW-1 kernel inside dump "fw monitor" a powerful tool to determine many aspects of the connection before and after packet enters/leaves OS routing system ?
Cisco IOS Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes Yes (some IOS versions) No Yes (some IOS versions) ?
IPFilter Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes (with Prelude-IDS or Snort) Yes (Native on Solaris, HP-UX. With third-party software on IRIX, BSD, Linux.) Yes (with clamav) Yes (with wireshark or tcpdump) ?
Linux OS Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes (with Prelude-IDS or Snort) Yes (with openVPN) Yes (with clamav) Yes (with wireshark or tcpdump) ?
OpenBSD pf Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes (with Prelude-IDS or Snort) Yes Yes (with clamav) Yes (with wireshark or tcpdump) ?
Vyatta Yes (supports three NAT types) Yes (integrated Snort) Yes (IPsec and OpenVPN) No Yes (with wireshark or tcpdump) ?
Windows 7 (and Windows 2008 R2) Partial (PAT, with Internet Connection Sharing) Yes (with SPECTER) Yes Yes (McAfee, Symantec, etc) Yes (with wireshark) Yes (public, private, home)
Windows Vista Partial (PAT, with Internet Connection Sharing) Yes (with SPECTER) Partial (Limited to 1 client) Yes (McAfee, Symantec, etc) Yes (with wireshark) Yes (public, private)
Windows XP Partial (PAT, with Internet Connection Sharing) Yes (with SPECTER) Partial (Limited to 1 client) Yes (McAfee, Symantec, etc) Yes (with wireshark) No
WinGate Yes Yes (with NetPatrol) Yes (proprietary) Yes (Kaspersky Labs) Yes (filtered capturing to pcap format) No

External links

Template:Firewall software

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