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Objective-J is a programming language developed as part of the Cappuccino web development framework. Its syntax is nearly identical to the Objective-C syntax and it shares with JavaScript the same relationship that Objective-C has with the C programming language: that of being a strict, but small, superset; adding traditional inheritance and Smalltalk/Objective-C style dynamic dispatch. Pure JavaScript, being a prototype-based language, already has a notion of object orientation and inheritance, but Objective-J adds the use of class-based programming to JavaScript.

Programs written in Objective-J need to be preprocessed before being run by a web browser's JavaScript virtual machine. This step can occur in the web browser at runtime or by a compiler which translates Objective-J programs into pure JavaScript code. The Objective-J compiler is written in JavaScript, consequently deploying Objective-J programs does not require a plugin attached to the web browser.



The first widely known use of Objective-J is in the Cappuccino-based web application 280 Slides. Even though Objective-J can be used (and has been designed) independently from the Cappuccino framework, Objective-J has primarily been invented to support web development in Cappuccino. Easy conversion to Objective-C means that Objective-J web applications can be ported to the iPhone.[1]


Objective-J is a superset of JavaScript, which implies that any valid JavaScript code is also valid Objective-J code. The following example shows the definition in Objective-J of a class named Address; this class extends the root object CPObject, which plays a role similar to the Objective-C's NSObject. This example differs from traditional Objective-C in that the root object reflects the underlying Cappuccino framework as opposed to Cocoa, Objective-J does not use pointers and, as such, type definitions do not contain asterisk characters (in Objective-C, all objects must be dynamically allocated). In addition, instance variable definitions are never done in the @implementation file.

@implementation Address : CPObject
   CPString name;
   CPString city;
- (id)initWithName:(CPString)aName city:(CPString)aCity
    self = [super init];

    name = aName;
    city = aCity;

    return self;
      name = aName;
      return name;
+(id)newAddressWithName:(CPString)aName city:(CPString)aCity
      return [[self alloc] initWithName:aname city:aCity];


As with Objective-C, class method definitions and instance method definitions start with '+' (plus) and '-' (dash), respectively.

Memory Management

Like Objective-C 2.0's garbage-collected mode, objects in Objective-J do not need to be manually released because they are automatically freed by JavaScript's garbage collector.

See also

External links

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